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Kinesiology Tape is commonly used for treating & managing sports injuries

Treating & Managing Sports Injuries

The strategies for treating & managing sports injuries can greatly vary depending on the type, location, and severity of the injury. The approach to treatment is usually holistic and takes support from a variety of options which can increase the speed of healing, prevent secondary injuries and ensure proper recovery. Improper rest and movement can easily worsen the condition and cause further injuries. To prevent this, physical therapeutic treatment, management and rehabilitation programs are increasingly using strapping tape and adhesive tapes to secure injured knees, shoulders, ankles and wrists and limit the movement and mobility of the injured region. This provides the injured part of the body with sufficient time to remain in rest state which encourages healing. Apart from that, it also helps with compression, which is one of the important treatment and management approaches within the RICE model. For such purposes, compression hosiery can be used. The stretchable hosiery compresses the injured

Kinesiology tape is usually made of a cotton strip. It was originally introduced and used in Japan during the 1970s. To stick to the skin, the tape has an acrylic adhesion on one side. When it comes to sports injuries involving the musculoskeletal system of the body, kinesiology tapes can be significantly effective in terms of encouraging and accelerating the healing.  Since the tape is medically designed for healing purposes, the manufacturing considers the aspects of thickness, elasticity and skin friendliness. It can also be useful for certain conditions that result in inflammation of the muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Due to its elasticity, it allows the patient to avoid restriction of movement. The tape can be worn throughout the day as it is concealed under the clothes, or it can also be used at night throughout the sleep.  Sportsmen and women are increasingly using kinesiology tapes for treating & managing sports injuries and to enhance the rehabilitation process. The most common examples of sports injuries that require kinesiological taping are moderate to severe cases of wearing and tearing of muscles, tendons and ligaments. However, it can be effectively used for a variety of conditions ranging from mild strains, mild injuries, acute blows, and even chronic painful conditions.

Why should you use Kinesiological tape?

People involved in sports are usually in a hurry to get up from their resting state, get out of their rehab program, and get back to the ground to continue playing as soon as possible. However, if the patient did not heal completely, even after the symptoms disappear, going back to play and continuing the rigorous training can reverse the entire recovery and worsen the condition even more than before. Since the conventional treatments take time, such aids and supporting treatment and therapeutic options can significantly help the sportsmen and athletes to get back on their feet and back on the ground several times quicker. Here are some of the most beneficial functions of kinesiological and other tapes which makes it a favorable choice for sportsmen, athletes, and even normal people for whom time is very important.

  • It can provide compression on the damaged area to speed up the recovery
  • The tape can optimize and improve the performance
  • It can provide support, protection, and stabilization after an injury
  • It can effectively help to treat the chronic pain
  • It can effectively help with the prevention of cramps
  • It can prevent recurring injury at the same place
  • It may provide instant relief to the patient after the injury
  • It can give rest to the muscles and prevent fatigue
  • It can lower the chances of getting bruises
  • It can speed up the healing process
  • The risk of getting an injury is greatly reduced
  • In case of injury, it can help have a lower overall impact

Kinesiological tape, adhesive tapes, and strapping tapes can be used for the treatment of a specific condition with the scope of physical therapy as well as for the prevention of certain conditions, such as:

  • Calf injuries
  • Back injuries
  • Hamstring injuries
  • Ankle injuries

It is recommended that the tape should be applied after the supervision or guidance of a physical therapist or a specialist. If the symptoms are retained even after the use, the patient should reach out for medical assistance. There are numerous different brands of these tapes in the market. The mechanism of action for the kinesiological tapes and other similar tapes is primarily the acceleration and promotion of healing for the patient in terms of physical as well as neurological mechanism. When the tape is applied, it causes a pressure which can significantly activate the lymphatic system of the patient. As a result, the healing process is improved. Apart from that, it lowers the pressure on the nerves and the pain receptors which reduces the sensation of pain in chronic and acute conditions. As it stretches the skin, some researchers also believe that the blood flow around the location of the injury is also promoted which provides rich nutrients and oxygen. For any healing process, oxygen and nutrients are of primary importance.

Usability

The use and applications of kinesiological, strapping and adhesive tapes are diverse. Your physical therapist or health specialist is the right person to figure out if it is suitable to use for your condition or unsuitable. The specialist will also know how exactly the tape must be used. Therefore, it is recommended to seek help from an expert for guidance. It can be used for various purposes pertaining to post-traumatic and post-injury application. Some of the most important uses are:

Inhibition and pain management

After an injury, one of the greatest concern of most patients is the pain due to musculoskeletal injury. The Kinesiology tape is known to have effective results in terms of pain management and alleviation of the primary symptoms. It can impact the overall well-being of the patient physically and mentally.

Facilitation

The application of such tapes can be effectively administered for the purposes of treating the contraction patterns and the muscular firing. For athletes and sportsmen, this is of utmost importance.

Scar tissue management

The tissue can simply be scared, partially worn or completely torn due to an injury. Such injuries can cause complete loss of movement and excruciating pain. Kinesiological tape can pull and slightly stretch the scarred tissue which does not pressurize it and yet helps for the tightening of the collagen that improves healing.

Support and stability

It can hold the joints and injured muscles together. This helps in the reduction of stress and ultimately prevents worsening of the condition to improve healing.

Swelling management

The swelling in an injured area can be reduced with the help of kinesiological tape as it stretches the skin to reduce pressure and disengages the skin from direct contact with the underlying muscles or tissues. As a result, any accumulated fluids can easily flow away which were originally causing swelling.

 

 

References

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Kleopa, K. A. (2015). Carpal tunnel syndrome. Annals of internal medicine, 163(5), ITC1-ITC1.

Montalvo, A. M., Cara, E. L., & Myer, G. D. (2014). Effect of kinesiology taping on pain in individuals with musculoskeletal injuries: systematic review and meta-analysis. The Physician and sportsmedicine, 42(2), 48-57.

Norman, R., Wells, R., Neumann, P., Frank, J., Shannon, H., Kerr, M., & Study, T. O. U. B. P. (1998). A comparison of peak vs cumulative physical work exposure risk factors for the reporting of low back pain in the automotive industry. Clinical biomechanics, 13(8), 561-573.

Quinn, R. (2011). U.S. Patent Application No. 13/188,333.

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Routley, V., & Valuri, J. (1994). Work related injuries.

Van Tulder, M., Malmivaara, A., & Koes, B. (2007). Repetitive strain injury. The Lancet, 369(9575), 1815-1822.

Weir, E., & Lander, L. (2005). Hand–arm vibration syndrome. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 172(8), 1001-1002.

 

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